Research & Projects Manager
Napier University Learning Information Services
Sighthill Court, Edinburgh EH11 4BN
Tel.: 0131 455 3427
Fax: 0131 455 3428

Access and interoperability issues in networked cataloguing (
Power Point)

This session will present a number of issues affect the efficiency and effectiveness of access to networked electronic information resources, and the interoperability of networked metadata and catalogue records associated with non-networked or non-electronic resources. Issues to be discussed include: aspects of creation, management and maintenance of the content of networked electronic information objects (EIOs) which affect access; issues in the social, political and legal environment; technical barriers to access and interoperability; and problems caused by bibliographic cataloguing and metadata creation. There is considerable cross-influence between the various issues, but the session will focus on the bibliographic area. Specific topics in cataloguing websites, electronic texts, and other EIOs will be discussed, including adaptation of the MARC standard, the role of Dublin Core, non-standard legacy data, and index mapping and record display problems. Various projects to identify and resolve specific issues will be described, including up-to-the-minute information from the new Scottish Parliament's 'Digital Scotland' framework; these include CAIRNS (Co-operative Academic Information Retrieval Network for Scotland), SCONE (Scottish Collections Network Extension), SLAINTE (Scottish Libraries Across the Internet), the two CATRIONA (Cataloguing and Retrieval of Information over Networks Applications) projects, SAGIA (Scottish Library and Information Council Advisory Group on Interoperability and Access), and PAIRTS (Public Access to Information, Research and Teaching in Scotland). Further information can be found at URL:

Relevant links:

Cataloguing electronic resources for maximum interoperability;

Cataloguing issues affecting interoperability in the CAIRNS project;

CAIRNS in Scotland: a false-drop in the ocean of stuff?

Sanda Erdelez
Assistant Professor
The Graduate School of Library and Information Science
The University of Texas at Austin, USA

Providing content on the Internet (Power Point)

When deciding about providing content on the Internet, especially the Web, information organizations need to be familiar with three critical groups of issues:

  1. Who is the intended user population,
  2. What are the unique features of the content that is provided and,
  3. How to ensure the quality of the content. These issues will provide the framework for the session on "Providing Content". The specific topics to be covered include:

Deciding about the content that needs to be provided on the Internet :

  • Understanding users' information needs
  • Access capabilities of the intended user population.

The types of content that can be presented on the Internet:

  • Examples of conversions: from historical materials and subject specific contents to kinds of information that have no analogues in the physical world
  • In house developed content vs. content developed by others
  • Transferring online public access catalogs (OPACs) on the Internet for wider public use (examples of cooperative library networks and association with academic networks)

Ensuring the quality of the content:

The evaluation model for selection and creation of content on the Internet with focus on: stablishing authority, accuracy, objectivity, currency, and coverage.

Relevant links for this outline

Users information behaviour

Business information course (username: user password: BIT)

Robert M. Hayes
Professor Emeritus
University of California, Los Angeles

The economics of digital libraries: an update

This paper will review the results presented during two conferences held in Dubrovnik in May 1999: the COLIS 3 Conference and the Electronic Journalism Conference. It will update those results with data primarily related to developments from and about the Internet during the year since those presentations. As before, the paper presents an exploratory, speculative, and largely descriptive analysis of the economics of digital libraries. It first provides a definition of the concept of digital libraries. It reviews the sources for them and briefly discusses their economic properties. It then provides an analysis of the microeconomics of various forms of publications (including books, periodicals, databases, multi-media, and software). For each, capital costs and distribution costs are estimated for alternative means for distribution, with special emphasis on the Internet and World Wide Web. It concludes with a review of the sources of income to support those costs and with discussion of issues related to pricing.

In brief outline, the following are the topics that will be covered:

  • Definition of "Digital Libraries"
  • Sources of Digital Libraries
  • Economic Properties of Digital Libraries
  • Cheaply Shareable.
  • Value Increases with Accumulation.
  • Self-Generating.
  • Costs Independent of Scale of Application.
  • The Capital Cost in Creating Digital Libraries
  • Digital Libraries of Books.
  • Digital Libraries of Popular Journals.
  • Digital Libraries of Scholarly Journals.
  • Digital Libraries of Retrospective Books & Journals.
  • Digital Libraries of Databases.
  • Digital Libraries of Software.
  • Digital Libraries of Multi-Media.
  • The Operating Costs in Distributing Digital Libraries
  • Distributors & Retail Outlets.
  • Digital Libraries in Academic, Research, & Public Libraries.
  • The Internet And The World Wide Web.
  • The Income from Digital Libraries to the Producers
  • Books And Popular Journals.
  • Scholarly Journals.
  • Other Forms of Publication.
  • Summary Picture.

Gebäude UB 6/17-18
Ruhr-Universität Bochum
D-44780 Bochum, Germany
Tel.: ++234 700-2350/2551
Fax: ++234 7094-736

From collection building to resource management: the end of the old paradigm

As Internet changed scientific information and communication, research, teaching and learning, the new information technology world demands new models and changing of the library's tasks. Collection management is becoming resource management and providing printed and electronic information attended by information services is becoming increasingly complex. Thus, resource management and cooperative use of collections is becoming a realistic option in a networked world. Integrated information, integrated systems, retrospective digitization and preservation issues as well as network building and managing and lobbyying are changing known structures and call for new answers to general and specific problems. The paper will also discuss effect on the new paradigm on the organization of the library, with some examples from the Bochum University Library.

Marta Mestrovic Deyrup

Building an online Slavic and East European collection: mining the Web, character set issues and Web OPAC display, the cataloguing of multimedia formats (
Power Point)

Tefko Saracevic
Ph.D., Professor II
School of Communication, Information and Library Studies
Rutgers University
4 Huntington Street
New Brunswick, NJ 08903 U.S.A.
Tel.: (732)932-8017 Fax: (732)932-2644

Evaluation and metrics related to digital libraries and resources (
Power Point 97)

While there are great many digital libraries being developed and used worldwide, and there are many research projects on digital libraries, there was little effort devoted to their evaluation, or to the metrics describing their essential characteristics. Yet evaluation is a most important component in assessment of their performance, and in making possible improvements and metrics are important to provide for general descriptions on basis of which some comparison could be done. The reasons for the lack of evaluation are discussed. A system approach is taken in presenting the key elements involved in evaluation of performance. A set of criteria representing objectives are presented; determination of criteria (or what is to be evaluated) is necessary as a starting point of any evaluation. Following are measures reflecting criteria; possible measures for various criteria are discussed. Next are measuring instruments that are used to reflect the measures; instruments, particularly as used in surveys are presented. And finally are methodologies used to collect and analyze data based on the previous; a number of pragmatic methodologies are summarized. Social, institutional, and individual levels of evaluation are presented, as requiring very different approaches. Evaluation and metrics of digital resources and libraries is compared to evaluation of traditional libraries.

Relevant links for this outline

Marchionini, G.; Plaisant, C.; & Komlodi, A. (in press)
The people in digital libraries: Multifaceted approaches to assessing needs and impact.
Chapter in Bishop, A. Buttenfield, B. & VanHouse, N. (Eds.) Digital library use: Social practice in design and evaluation. MIT Press. (

Tefko Saracevic, Ph.D.;Lisa Covi, Ph.D.
Challenges for Digital Library Evaluation (
Power Point 97) (asis_2000_text3.doc)

Tefko Saracevic
jungle on the web (Power Point 97)
Informaciona zbrka na webu (Power Point 97) (Croatian version)

Jadranka Stojanovski
Ruder Boškovic Institute Library
Bijenicka c. 54, 10000 Zagreb, Croatia
Tel.: ++385 1 4560 929
Fax: ++385 1 4561 095

Effects of electronic pre-print archives on scholarly physics electronic journal publishing

A set of automated electronic archives of research information that have been operational in many fields of physics and some related disciplines has been developed. On the other hand the most important field of scholarly publishing at the present - electronic journal publishing - is strongly affected by these archives in the field of physics and a new vision of scientific publishing is emerging. Spread electronic communication, supported by such well organised electronic archives, has created new ways to distribute the results of scientific research and is forcing scientist and publishers to reassess the old procedures and consider new possibilities. Some initiatives as The Open
Archives initiative (OAi) promotes a complete transformation of scholarly communication model. The development of this new concept of scientific publishing is slow down by the fact that researchers still are under constant pressure to publish traditionally for getting direct financial remuneration in the form of royalties, rather then write primarily to communicate information for the advancement of knowledge.


Robert M. Hayes
Professor Emeritus
University of California, Los Angeles

LPM - The library planning model

LPM is an Excel spreadsheet-based computer program that provides means for estimating staff, materials, facilities, and associated costs needed to handle workloads for typical services and internal operations in an academic library. LPM provides means to:

  • Input data measuring the workload for a given context of analysis
  • Derive workloads from underlying contextual information
  • Generate estimates of staff and associated costs
  • Determine distributions of staff among various operations and services
  • Determine needs for facilities to serve users, store materials, and accommodate staff
  • Modify any of the factors by which LPM determines staff, facilities, or costs

Topics which will be covered:

  • FILE Menu - Manage the current LPM file
  • EDIT Menu - Perform simple edits on data
  • VIEW Menu - Change the appearance of the screen
  • DATA ENTRY Menu - Enter data into LPM
  • RESULTS Menu - View results from LPM estimates
  • MODIFY Menu - Modify LPM
  • STRATEGIC Menu - Look at larger contexts
  • BATCH Menu - Apply LPM simultaneously to a number of cases
  • HELP Menu - Get help concerning LPM
  • Potential Workloads
  • Alternative Patterns of Use or Processing
  • Changes in Workload Factors
  • Administrative Structure
  • The Matrix Structure of LPM
  • The Measurement of Workloads
  • Workload Factors in Estimating Staff and Costs
  • Indirect (Overhead)
  • General Management & Central Administration
  • Facilities
  • Queuing
  • Library Publishing
  • Library Administrative Structure
  • Allocation Decisions
  • Institutional Management
  • Sources of Information
  • Information Technology
  • Cooperative Arrangements among Libraries
  • Bibliographic Utilities
  • National Information Policies
  • Assumptions in LPM
  • Spreadsheet Structure in LPM
  • Calculations in LPM
  • Parameters in LPM